Thanks to my sessions with Joe I am in more control of my thoughts when faced with situations I would have previously found unimaginable. - Teacher
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Joe Armstrong

Joe Armstrong

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

What is CBT?

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, or CBT as it is commonly referred to, is a talking therapy that emphasises how our thoughts (cognitions) are closely linked with our feelings and what we do (behaviour). During times of mental distress, people think differently about themselves and what happens to them. Thoughts can become extreme and unhelpful, which can worsen how a person feels. As a consequence, they may then behave in ways that prolongs their distress. For example, by avoiding or withdrawing from people, situations or from pleasurable activities and interests. 

Is CBT effective?

CBT is one of the most well researched forms of talking therapy and it has been shown to be effective in helping people with a wide range of mental health problems. In many instances, CBT is the treatment of choice (as recommended by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence) for common problems such as anxiety and depression.

What happens in CBT?

CBT therapists work in a collaborative way with their clients in order to help each person develop more balanced and helpful ways of thinking, and to support them in changing self-defeating behaviour. The result is often a major improvement in how a person feels and the quality of their lives in general.

During sessions, the emphasis is on working in a practical, step-by-step manner toward achieving your goals. This also involves completing in-between session or ‘homework’ tasks (e.g. completing diaries of your thoughts and emotions or doing something different) to help you make gradual changes in your day-to-day life and relationships.

CBT can be used to help anyone irrespective of ability, culture, race, gender or sexual preference. It can be used on its own or in conjunction with medication, depending on the severity or nature of each person's problem.

What problems can CBT help with?

Research has shown that CBT can help with many different types of problems, such as:

  • Anxiety
    • Generalised anxiety and worry
    • Panic attacks
    • Phobias (including agoraphobia)
    • Social anxiety
    • Health anxiety
  • Body image problems including Body Dysmorphic Disorder
  • Depression
  • Stress
  • Bulimia
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

CBT approaches have also been developed for problems related to anger control, adjustment to physical health problems, chronic pain and fatigue (e.g. ME),  drug and alcohol problems, health anxiety, low self-esteem/worth, insomnia and interpersonal and relationship problems.

How do I access CBT treatment?

Dr Joe Armstrong is an Accredited CBT Therapist. Please don't hesitate to get in touch if you would like to book an appointment for an initial face-to-face consultation or to have a free, no-obligation telephone consultation to discuss your concerns and find out how CBT could help you overcome your problems:

For all Enquiries or to Book an Appointment - please  Click Here

Call: 0330 223 1743

What are the fees for CBT treatment?

I offer a Free 15-minute Telephone Call to discuss your concerns and clarify how I might be able to help before booking an appointment.

Alternatively, you may wish to book a no-obligation Initial Assessment Consultation for a detailed assessment of your problems/needs and receive an outline plan of how therapy could help you overcome your problems. At the end of the assessment consultation, you will have an opportunity to discuss the type(s) of therapy that may best suit your needs, and be given an estimate to the number of sessions needed so that you will be clear about the investment you are making in your health and well-being in terms of the overall cost of your therapy, and also in relation to the time and effort required to get your life back on track.

The no-obligation assessment consultation may help you decide if you would like to engage in therapy at this stage and whether or not I am the right therapist for you.

Initial (no-obligation) Consultation - £85

Individual CBT Session - £85 for each one hour session

Couples - Please note that I do not offer couples counselling at present.

Fees for CBT treatment reflect the specialist nature of this therapy, my accredited status with the British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies (BABCP) as a CBT therapist, extensive clinical experience and the value of the service I offer to my clients. If you choose to have CBT treatment with me, you can be assured of a high quality service and that my training and experience means that I am equipped with the skills and knowledge to help you to overcome your problems as quickly as possible.

Payment can be made by cash or cheque at the end of each session or via bank transfer in advance or each session.

For more information about CBT, please visit the website for the British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies or NHS Choices.

CBT & Counselling can help with:

Appointments available in Dundee, Perth and Dollar

Tel: 0330 223 1743 | Email:

Address for correspondence: Hudson House, 8 Albany Street, Edinburgh EH1 3QB